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electronic components and devices
Thin-film Resistor – Types, Features and Applications

There are many types of resistors. Thin-film resistors are one of the commonly used ones. What are the types of thin-film resistors? What materials are commonly used to make thin-film resistors? In what fields are thin-film resistors mainly used?

Table of Contents

What is thin-film resistor?

Thin-film resistors are made by evaporating materials with a certain resistivity on the surface of insulating materials using a similar evaporation method. Generally, the insulating material commonly used for this type of resistor is ceramic substrates.

Thin-film Resistor
Thin-film Resistor

In recent years, with the rapid development of electronic information technology, the development of A/D, D/A conversion circuits and other linear or nonlinear circuits has been rapid. Among them, high-precision operational amplifiers with thin-film resistor networks as the core and high-precision A/D and D/A conversion circuits are essential. In order to improve the accuracy and resolution of ADCs and DACs, the performance of thin-film resistors must also be improved accordingly.

The accuracy and resolution of DAC and ADC mainly depend on the resistor network inside the device. DAC and ADC conversion devices generally use R-2R ladder resistor network. The analysis, research and production of resistor network performance have always been key technologies in the development and production of analog devices. High-precision thin-film resistors have become more and more popular in high-tech fields such as aviation, national defense, electronic computers, communication instruments, and electronic switches due to their excellent characteristics such as high resistivity, low temperature coefficient of resistance, high stability, no parasitic effects, and low noise.

Thin film resistors

Features of thin-film resistors

  • Tantalum nitride film
  • Low parasitic capacitance
  • Good solderability and bonding performance
  • Temperature coefficient: 150ppm/℃ (-55℃~+125℃)
  • Rated power 1000mW
  • Electrode temperature resistance 400℃×10min

Difference between thin-film resistors and thick-film resistors

Thin-film Resistors vs Thick-film Resistors
Thin-film Resistors vs Thick-film Resistors

1. Difference in film thickness: The film thickness of thick-film resistors is generally greater than 10 μm, and the film thickness of thin films is less than 10 μm, mostly less than 1 μm;

2. Difference in the manufacturing process: Thick-film resistors generally use a screen printing process, while thin-film resistors use vacuum evaporation, magnetron sputtering and other process methods. The differences in materials and processes between thick-film resistors and thin-film resistors directly lead to differences in performance between the two resistors. Thick-film resistors generally have poor accuracy, with 10%, 5%, and 1% being common accuracy, while thin-film resistors can achieve 0.01% accuracy of one thousandth, 0.1% accuracy of one thousandth, etc.

At the same time, the temperature coefficient of thick-film resistors is difficult to control and is generally larger. Similarly, thin-film resistors can achieve a very low temperature coefficient, so that the resistance value changes very little with temperature and the resistance value is stable and reliable. Therefore, thin-film resistors are commonly used in various types of instruments, medical equipment, power supplies, electrical equipment, electronic digital products, etc.

Common thin-film resistors

1. Carbon film resistor

Made by depositing crystallized carbon on a ceramic rod skeleton. Carbon film resistors have low cost, stable performance, wide resistance range, and low-temperature coefficient and voltage coefficient. They are currently the most widely used resistors.

2. Metal film resistor

The alloy material is evaporated on the surface of the ceramic rod skeleton using vacuum evaporation. Metal film resistors have higher accuracy, better stability, noise and temperature coefficient correction than carbon film resistors and are widely used in instrumentation and communication equipment.

3. Metal oxide film

A layer of metal oxide is deposited on the insulating rod. Since it is an oxide itself, it is stable at high temperatures, resistant to thermal shock, and has a strong load capacity.

4. Synthetic film resistor

It is obtained by coating a conductive composite suspension on a substrate, so it is also called paint film resistance. Because its conductive layer has a granular structure, it has high noise and low precision. It is mainly used to manufacture high-voltage, high-resistance, and small resistors.

FAQ

Thin-film resistors are made by evaporating materials with a certain resistivity on the surface of insulating materials using a similar evaporation method. Generally, the insulating material commonly used for this type of resistor is ceramic substrates.

1. Carbon film resistor

2. Metal film resistor

3. Metal oxide film

4. Synthetic film resistor

1. Difference in film thickness

2. Difference in the manufacturing process

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