IBE enables the world’s best brands. Through our unrivalled customer-centric approach, we partner with leading companies in numerous markets to deliver solutions for their most complex challenges.

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IBe Industry Building, ShenZhen, China

ibe@ibepcbaaa.com

+86-75581785031

Why Choose IBE as Your Rogers PCB Manufacturer
Why IBE

Why Choose IBE as Your Standard PCB Manufacturer?

We are known as the leading PCB manufacturer in China. Since 2005, we have over 18 years of experience in providing standard PCB manufacturing services. Providing one-stop PCB and PCB manufacturing services, IBE promises to meet your customized demands at an affordable price with high-quality products. Feel free to ask if you have any questions regarding standard PCB manufacturing services.

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IBE - Your Reliable PCB and PCBA Manufacturer

Pricing & Plan

Start With An Affordable Price

IBE is the partner of choice for many of the world’s leading enterprises, SMEs and technology challengers. We help businesses elevate their value through custom software development

Aluminum Board

2 Layers Aluminum Board

  • Material: Aluminum
  • Thermal Conductivity: 4.0W/km
  • Layer: 2L
  • Thickness: 1.0mm
  • Copper thickness: 2oz
  • Surface finished: HASL LF
  • Min. drill: 0.5mm
  • Min. Track/Space: 6/6mil
  • Application: Consumer Electronics

4 Layers Rigid-Flex PCB

4 Layers Rigid-Flex PCB

  • Material: FR4+PI
  • Technology: Rigid + Flex
  • Layer: 4L
  • Thickness: 1.6 mm
  • Copper thickness: 2oz
  • Surface finished: ENIG
  • Min. drill: 0.15mm
  • Min. Track/Space: 4/4mil
  • Application: Consumer Electronics

8 Layers HDI PCB

8 Layers HDI PCB

  • Material: FR4 TG170
  • Technology: Buried and Blind Via
  • Layer: 8L
  • Thickness: 3.2 mm
  • Copper thickness: 2oz
  • Surface finished: ENIG
  • Min. drill: 0.15mm
  • Min. Track/Space: 3/3mil
  • Application: Telecommunications

Custom

Custom Standard PCB Services- IBE Electronics

We, IBE Electronics, are a global supplier of standard PCBs for several years and have developed a global reputation in the market. IBE Electronics serves clients and has a specialization in standard PCB. We here at IBE Electronics can help you with your standard PCB needs and our services under it are detailed below:

1. Standard PCB prototype
IBE’s rapid prototyping services allow clients to verify their designs before proceeding with mass production, minimizing errors and reducing costs.

2. Standard PCB design
IBE’s skilled engineers provide standard PCB design services, including schematic capture, layout design, and design for manufacturability (DFM) checks. This ensures optimal performance, reliability, and manufacturability of your PCBs.

3. Standard PCB manufacturing
IBE’s advanced manufacturing capabilities combine state-of-the-art machinery and experienced engineers, ensuring high-quality boards with minimal defects and fast turnaround times.

4. Standard PCB assembly
IBE offers full assembly services, including surface mount, through-hole, mixed-technology, and turnkey solutions. This comprehensive approach caters to various requirements and component technologies.

How to Get A Customized Standard PCB from IBE - Easy Steps

Thank you for your support and trust. About the price, you need to send us an inquiry/drawing, then we can quote for you after evaluation. About placing orders, you can follow the steps below step by step. Or contact us to help you: ibe@pcbaaa.com

1.Visit the official website and request for a free quote from IBE Electronics. Enter PCB Assembly Quote page, input your circuit specification, assembly requirements, and order quantities, upload Gerber file, drilling file and BOM, then click Submit quote button.

2.A customer service representative will get in touch with you to collect all your requirements and quote the best possible deals for you. Assembly quote will be sent to your email inbox within 1-2 working days. Please give feedback on the quote.

3.Once the offer is agreed, you will be guided to place the order and release the payment.

4.BOM confirmation and DFM Check will be carried out once order is received. Production begins only after everything is confirmed.

BOM and Gerber files are the essential documents needed for getting a quote. If you have other requirements like functional test, IC test, please provide some documents as well.

Process

Standard PCB Manufacturing Process

The complete standard PCB manufacturing process is based on the design package that makes the circuit board in physical form. Following is the process of standard PCB which starts with the design and ends with testing:

Step 1: Pre Production Engineering

According to the manufacturing data and requirements provided by the customer, our engineers will compare it with standards and capabilities to make sure compliance and conduct related checks.

Step 2: Photo Plotting

A laser photo-plotter can be used to plot a film for each individual layer. A laser photo-plotter is a tool used to create photo-tools for solder mask and silkscreen.

Step 3: Imaging and Develop or Etch

This process applies the primary images such as pads and traces onto the circuit board. Here is what to do in this step: Apply photo imageable to the copper panels. Furthermore, image the panels using LSI. Etch off the whole exposed copper from the panel. Strip the remaining Dry Film and just leave the remaining copper pattern for the inner layers.

Step 4: Automated Optical Inspection

AOI basically inspects different layers of standard PCB before laminating all layers together. The optics compare the PCB design data to the actual image on the panel.

Step 5: Oxide

Oxide is a chemical treatment to inner layers before lamination for standard PCBs. It is an important step to increase the roughness of copper to enhance the laminate bond strength.

Step 6: Lamination

To produce a standard PCB, different layers of epoxy-infused fiberglass are laminated together. The presser and heat cause the fiberglass sheet to melt and tightly join the layers together.

Step 7: Drilling

All PCBs need some holes to link copper layers, attaching components and mounting the PCB. We can drill holes using some advanced drilling systems. Furthermore, these have a design for the fast removal of chips in abrasive materials.

Step 8: Electroless Copper Deposition

After drilling, manufacturers deposit a thin coat of copper on the exposed surfaces of the panels chemically. Furthermore, they deposit a copper coat on the hole walls using electroless plating.

Step 9: Dry Film Outer Layer

After copper deposition, you must apply the outer layer images to prepare the panel for electroplate. So we can utilize a laminator machine to coat outer layers with the dry film. The dry film is a photo imageable material.

Step: 10 Plate

The electroplating process involves copper plating onto the conductive pattern. Plus on the hole walls of the PCB as well. The thickness of the plating is around 1 mil. After copper plating, you need to deposit a thin layer of tin plating.

Step 11: Striping and Etching

After completing the plating process on the panel, the dry film remains. Then, removing the uncovered area of copper by tin. So traces and the pads around the holes and copper patterns remain there. At last, remove the remaining tin that is covering holes and traces chemically.

Step 12: Surface Finish

It is the last and final chemical process to manufacture a standard PCB. Solder mask covers almost all circuitry. So the surface finish prevents oxidation of the remaining exposed copper area.

Faq

Standard PCB FAQ

Standard PCB is the most common type of PCB.

We provide a variety of standard PCB testing services, for example

  • ICT Test
  • Flying Probe Test
  • Function Test
  • X-ray Test
  • Laser Detection
  • AOI Inspection

Yes, we run the production for standard PCB Fab with consideration of capabilities and technical expertise.

Yes, we provide a complete quotation with an estimated delivery time for standard PCB manufacturing service.

Yes, we can provide a standard PCB sample (based on request).

Yes, we can stock the standard PCB boards.

Once we receive the all the details about your standard PCB fabrication quote, we would review your quote, check about material availability, complexity of quotation, quantity, and then based on all the requirements, we provide our customers lead time of standard PCB fabrication.

You can email us at ibe@pcbaaa.com or call us at +86-75527629184 within 7 days. We will provide the best possible option to you!

Feel free to contact us : ibe@pcbaaa.com

1.Visit the official website and request for a free quote from IBE Electronics. Enter PCB Assembly Quote page, input your circuit specification, assembly requirements, and order quantities, upload Gerber file, drilling file and BOM, then click Submit quote button.

2.A customer service representative will get in touch with you to collect all your requirements and quote the best possible deals for you. Assembly quote will be sent to your email inbox within 1-2 working days. Please give feedback on the quote.

3.Once the offer is agreed, you will be guided to place the order and release the payment.

4.BOM confirmation and DFM Check will be carried out once order is received. Production begins only after everything is confirmed.

BOM and Gerber files are the essential documents needed for getting a quote. If you have other requirements like functional test, IC test, please provide some documents as well.

Contact Us

Get a Quick Standard PCB Manufacturing Quote

Looking for a standard PCB manufacturing service? You can use the standard PCB manufacturing quote request form and submit information. Alternatively, you can email us BOM and Gerber files along with information of standard PCB volume and type of testing requirements you might have on ibe@pcbaaa.com or call us on +86-75527629184 in case any other clarification is required with respect to our PCB manufacturing services.

Standard PCB - Sizes, Thickness, Fabrication, Features, and Applications

Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs) are essential to modern electronics, connecting parts and ensuring seamless operation across devices.

This comprehensive guide delves into standard PCB, detailing its sizes, thickness, fabrication processes, features, and applications.

This article will also cover custom standard PCB services provided by IBE and offers a guide to selecting the ideal standard PCB manufacturer for your needs.

Table of Contents

What are standard PCB sizes?

Standard PCB Sizes
Standard PCB Sizes

Standard PCB sizes accommodate a variety of electronic applications, offering flexibility in design and manufacturing. Typically, they range from 1 inch x 1 inch to 20 x 24 inches. However, common sizes used in the industry include:

2 inches x 4 inches: Suitable for small electronic devices, such as wearables and IoT devices.

4 inches x 6 inches: Ideal for medium-sized applications, including computer peripherals and industrial control systems.

6 inches x 8 inches: Appropriate for larger devices like power supplies, amplifiers, and control panels.

These sizes cater to various applications while balancing manufacturing costs and design complexity.

What is standard PCB thickness?

The standard PCB thickness usually varies between 0.031 inches and 0.062 inches. The most commonly used thickness is 0.062 inches, suitable for most electronic applications. However, some specific applications may require thinner or thicker PCBs:

0.031 inches: Used in high-density interconnect (HDI) PCBs and compact electronic devices.

0.047 inches: Offers a balance between space constraints and rigidity, ideal for consumer electronics like smartphones and tablets.

0.093 inches: Suitable for high-power applications, such as motor controllers and industrial equipment requiring increased rigidity and thermal management.

What is the standard fabrication of PCB?

Standard PCB fabrication is a multi-step process that transforms a design into a functional circuit board. This process involves several stages, each contributing to creating a high-quality and reliable PCB.

Standard PCB Fabrication
Standard PCB Fabrication

Here is a more detailed look at each step involved in standard PCB fabrication:

1. Design and layout

The first step involves creating the PCB design using specialized software. Engineers use schematic diagrams as a reference to lay out the components, design trace routing, and define the board’s dimensions.

Optimizing the component placement and trace routing is crucial for signal integrity, manufacturability, and thermal management. Once completed, the design is saved in a Gerber file format, the industry standard for manufacturing PCBs.

2. Material preparation
PCB fabrication begins with selecting the appropriate base materials, including substrates (usually FR-4) and copper-clad laminates. The chosen materials must meet specific requirements for thermal, electrical, and mechanical properties.

3. Imaging and etching
The copper layer on the substrate is coated with a photosensitive film called a photoresist. The Gerber file is used to create a photomask, which exposes the photoresist to UV light, hardening the areas corresponding to the copper traces.

The unexposed areas are removed, and the exposed copper is etched away using chemical solutions, leaving behind the desired copper trace pattern.

4. Drilling
Holes are drilled into the PCB for mounting components and creating vias, which are conductive pathways that connect different board layers. High-speed CNC drilling machines are used for precision and accuracy.

5. Plating
The drilled holes are plated with a thin layer of copper to create a conductive pathway between the board’s layers. Electroless copper plating and electroplating are the most common methods used in this process.

6. Layer alignment and lamination
In the case of multilayer PCBs, the individual layers are aligned using registration holes and then laminated together under high pressure and temperature. This process uses a special prepreg adhesive to bond the layers and create a solid structure.

7. Solder mask application
A solder mask is applied over the copper traces to prevent solder bridging during assembly and protect the copper from oxidation. The solder mask is typically green, but other colors are available depending on the application and design requirements.

8. Silkscreen printing
Text, symbols, and other relevant information are printed onto the PCB using silkscreen printing. This helps identify components, test points, and other essential details during assembly and troubleshooting.

9. Surface finish
A surface finish is applied to the exposed copper pads to enhance solderability and protect against oxidation. Common surface finishes include HASL (Hot Air Solder Leveling), ENIG (Electroless Nickel Immersion Gold), and OSP (Organic Solderability Preservative).

10. Electrical testing, Scoring, and profiling
Once the PCB is fabricated, it undergoes electrical testing to ensure no shorts or open circuits. Automated test equipment like flying probe testers or bed-of-nails testers are used for this purpose.

Depending on the required edge quality and design specifications, the PCB panels are cut into individual boards using scoring or routing methods.

11. Inspection and quality control
The finished PCBs are inspected for defects or deviations from the original design. Inspection methods include visual inspection, automated optical inspection (AOI), and X-ray inspection. Quality control ensures the delivered PCBs meet the required standards and specifications.

By understanding and optimizing each step of the standard PCB fabrication process, manufacturers can ensure the production of high-quality and reliable circuit boards that meet their client’s requirements.

What are the features of a standard PCB?

Standard PCBs
Standard PCBs

Standard PCBs have specific characteristics that make them suitable for various applications across various industries. Some of the essential features of standard PCB include the following:

Material selection:
Standard PCBs typically use FR-4 as the base substrate because of its excellent electrical insulation, mechanical strength, and thermal stability. Copper is the most commonly used conductor for traces and pads because of its excellent electrical conductivity, affordability, and availability.

Layer configuration:
Standard PCBs are available in single-layer, double-layer, and multilayer configurations. The choice depends on the complexity of the circuit, the number of components, and the signal routing requirements.

Standard sizes:
Standard PCB comes in various sizes, such as Eurocard (100mm x 160mm), Half Eurocard (100mm x 80mm), and Quarter Eurocard (100mm x 40mm). These sizes provide a consistent framework for designing and manufacturing electronic devices.

Trace width and spacing:
The current-carrying capacity determines the width and spacing of traces on a standard PCB and signals integrity requirements. Manufacturers follow industry guidelines, such as the IPC-2221 standard, to calculate appropriate trace width and spacing.

Via types:
Standard PCBs employ various via types, such as through-hole vias, blind vias, and buried vias, to provide electrical connections between different board layers. The choice of via type depends on factors like board thickness, layer count, and signal routing requirements.

Solder mask:
A solder mask is applied to standard PCB to prevent solder bridging during assembly and protect the copper traces from oxidation. The solder mask also provides electrical insulation between conductive elements.

Surface finish:
To enhance solderability and protect exposed copper pads from oxidation, standard PCBs feature surface finishes such as HASL, ENIG, and OSP. The choice of surface finish depends on factors like cost, soldering process compatibility, and environmental requirements.

Silkscreen:
Standard PCBs feature a silkscreen layer containing text, symbols, and other essential information for component identification, assembly, and troubleshooting.

Rigorous testing:
Standard PCBs undergo comprehensive testing, including electrical testing, automated optical inspection (AOI), and X-ray inspection, to ensure high quality and reliability.

Design for Manufacturability (DFM):
Standard PCBs are designed with manufacturability in mind, incorporating best practices and guidelines to reduce production errors, minimize costs, and ensure a smooth assembly process.

Compliance with industry standards:
Standard PCBs are manufactured following industry standards, such as IPC-6012 (Qualification and Performance Specification for Rigid Printed Boards) and IPC-A-600 (Acceptability of Printed Boards), to ensure consistent quality and reliability.

These features make standard PCB a reliable and versatile choice for various applications, ensuring optimal performance and durability in various electronic devices.

What are the applications of standard PCB?

Standard PCBs are widely used in various industries due to their versatility, reliability, and cost-effectiveness. Some of the most common applications of standard PCB include:

Consumer electronics:
Standard PCBs are extensively used in consumer electronics such as smartphones, tablets, laptops, gaming consoles, and wearable devices. Their adaptability and affordability make them a popular choice for mass-produced consumer products.

Industrial equipment:
Standard PCBs are employed in various industrial equipment, including programmable logic controllers (PLCs), motor drives, power distribution systems, and monitoring systems.

Automotive electronics:
The automotive industry relies on standard PCB for applications such as engine control units (ECUs), anti-lock braking systems (ABS), infotainment systems, and advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS).

Medical devices:
Standard PCBs are found in various medical devices, including diagnostic equipment, patient monitoring systems, and wearable health technology.

Aerospace and defense:
Standard PCBs are used in various aerospace and defense applications, such as avionics, communication equipment, and navigation systems.

Telecommunications:
Standard PCBs are significant in telecommunications infrastructure, including network routers, switches, and other communication devices. Their ability to handle high-speed signals and complex routing requirements makes them ideal for advanced communication systems.

Lighting:
Standard PCB, such as LED bulbs, streetlights, and industrial lighting systems, are commonly used in LED lighting applications. The thermal management capabilities of standard PCB help ensure the efficient and reliable operation of LED lighting systems.

How to select a standard PCB manufacturer?

How to select a standard PCB manufacturer
How to select a standard PCB manufacturer

Choosing the right standard PCB manufacturer is critical to ensuring quality, reliability, and cost-effectiveness. Consider the following factors when making your selection:

  • Demonstrated experience and expertise in the industry
  • Comprehensive manufacturing capabilities
  • Certifications and compliance with industry standards
  • Robust quality assurance and testing processes
  • Competitive pricing without compromising on quality
  • Responsive customer support and effective communication
  • Efficient production capacity and lead times
  • Strong logistics and supply chain management

What is a good standard PCB manufacturer?

A reliable standard PCB manufacturer should possess industry certifications, such as ISO 9001 and IPC-A-610, demonstrating their commitment to quality and workmanship. They should also offer comprehensive services, including design, manufacturing, and assembly, to streamline production.

Standard PCB manufacturer – IBE

IBE is a reputable standard PCB manufacturer with various capabilities and certifications, making them a reliable choice for your PCB needs.

Capabilities:

  • PCB Assembly: IBE offers comprehensive PCB assembly services, including surface mount (SMT), through-hole, and mixed-technology assembly.
  • Box Build: IBE provides complete box build services, from system integration and testing to packaging and logistics.
  • Engineering services: IBE offers engineering support, such as design for manufacturability (DFM) analysis, to ensure a smooth production process and a reliable end product.
  • PCB: IBE specializes in manufacturing high-quality standard PCB, including single-layer, double-layer, and multilayer boards.

Certifications:
IBE supports ISO 13485 and 9001 certifications and utilizes the following quality standards:

  • ISO9001 Registered: This certification demonstrates IBE’s commitment to quality management systems and customer satisfaction.
  • ISO 13485 Registered: IBE meets the requirements for designing and manufacturing medical devices.
  • IPC-A-610 Workmanship Certified: IBE adheres to IPC-A-610 workmanship standards, ensuring high-quality electronic assemblies.
  • J-STD-001 Compliant: IBE complies with J-STD-001 requirements covering soldering processes and materials.
    RoHS & Lead-Free Process Certified: IBE is certified to manufacture products that comply with the RoHS directive and lead-free requirements.
  • REACH Compliant: IBE ensures that its products meet the requirements of the REACH regulation, which addresses the production and use of chemical substances.

List of standard PCB manufacturers

In addition to IBE, several other reputable standard PCB manufacturers include:

List of Standard PCB Manufacturers
List of Standard PCB Manufacturers

1. Bay Area Circuits: 
Founded in 1975, Bay Area Circuits is a member of IPC and AMBayArea. They offer quick-turn PCB prototyping and production services.

2. AllPCB: 
Founded in Hangzhou in 2015, AllPCB is ISO, UL, SGS, and IPC certified. They specialize in manufacturing and assembling high-quality PCBs at competitive prices.

3. JLCPCB: 
Founded in 2006, JLCPCB holds ISO 9001, IPC Certification, ISO 14001, and IATF 16949 certifications. They offer various PCB services, from prototype to mass production.

4. PCBgogo: 
Founded in 2015, PCBgogo is ISO, REACH, UL, and ROHS certified. They provide PCB manufacturing, assembly, and component sourcing services.

5. PCBWay: 
PCBWay is ISO, REACH, UL, and ROHS certified. They offer a comprehensive range of PCB services, from design and manufacturing to assembly and testing.

How much does a standard PCB cost?

The cost of a standard PCB depends on various factors, including size, thickness, layer count, materials used, and complexity.

Also, the price may vary depending on the manufacturer and the required turnaround time. To get an accurate quote for your specific requirements, it’s best to contact a PCB manufacturer like IBE directly.

Conclusion

Standard PCBs are the backbone of modern electronics, providing reliable connections between components and ensuring the smooth operation of various devices. Understanding the key aspects of standard PCB, such as sizes, thickness, fabrication process, features, and applications, is crucial for making informed decisions in developing and producing electronic devices.

By selecting a reputable standard PCB manufacturer like IBE, which offers comprehensive services and adheres to industry certifications and standards, you can ensure the quality, reliability, and cost-effectiveness of your PCBs. As you embark on your next electronic project, consider the factors discussed in this article to optimize your PCB design and manufacturing process.

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