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PCB Manufacturability Design for USB Interface – A Comprehensive Guide

USB refers to a small connector that connects computers and electronic devices. It is usually used to transfer data, charge and connect external devices. There are many types of USB, including USB cables, USB hubs, USB interfaces, USB capacitors, USB resistors, USB crystals and USB switches, etc. This article mainly introduces common USB interfaces and USB interface PCB design.

Table of Contents

What is USB interface?

USB Interface
USB Interface

USB is a common external device connection standard that uses a daisy chain to connect multiple external devices to a computer. The number of USB plugs can vary according to different standards and devices, but in USB, each plug is responsible for connecting to a system management information area (SMB) of the computer, which is usually located on the top of the USB plug.

USB interface PCB design

After determining the parameters such as voltage, current and data transmission speed of the USB interface, you can use design software to design the schematic diagram of the PCB. During the design process, factors such as the layout, routing, filtering, and shielding of the USB interface need to be considered to ensure the electrical performance and signal integrity of the PCB.

Differential signaling

The USB interface uses differential signal transmission, and it is necessary to ensure that the distance between the two differential pairs is as short as possible to reduce signal interference. The distance between differential line pairs should generally be less than 5mil, the length difference is usually controlled within 5mil, and the characteristic impedance is 90ohm.

Place vias symmetrically

In PCB design, symmetrically placed vias can reduce signal crosstalk and interference. For differential lines, vias should be placed as symmetrically as possible and should not exceed two.

Parallel traces

Parallel wiring can reduce signal crosstalk and interference, so parallel wiring should be used as much as possible in PCB design.

Isolation

In PCB design, ground isolation can reduce the influence of ground wires and improve signal quality. The distance between the ground cover and the differential line should be greater than 20mil to avoid mutual interference.

Power integrity

The USB interface requires a separate power supply, so the integrity of the power supply needs to be ensured. In PCB design, high-quality power lines and capacitors need to be used to ensure the stability and integrity of the power supply.

Place and route

In PCB design, reasonable layout and wiring are required to reduce signal interference and distortion. Layout and routing should be as symmetrical, parallel, tight, and free of twists and folds as possible.

USB interface design for manufacturability

USB Interface Design
USB Interface Design

Pad design

The patch pad design should be able to meet the length, width and spacing size requirements of the target device pins. The plug-in pad should pay attention to problems such as the size of the pin hole, loose plug-ins with large apertures and the inability to insert small apertures.

Impedance stack design

In circuit board design, impedance stacking mainly reduces signal loss and interference during signal transmission. Only by reasonably setting the number of circuit board layers, impedance line width and line spacing, and medium thickness can the impedance requirements be met.

Line width and line spacing design

When designing the line width and line spacing of the USB interface, it is necessary to consider the cost of manufacturing and maintenance, as well as the production efficiency and yield rate of the product.

Conclusion

Designing a printed circuit board (PCB) for USB interfaces demands meticulous attention to detail. From signal integrity to power distribution, every aspect requires precision to ensure optimal functionality. Factors like impedance matching, noise mitigation, and layout play pivotal roles in creating a robust and reliable USB interface. The goal is to achieve seamless data transmission while considering compatibility across various devices. As technology evolves, staying updated with USB standards and employing efficient design practices remain integral for crafting high-performance USB interface PCBs.

FAQ

USB is a common external device connection standard that uses a daisy chain to connect multiple external devices to a computer. The number of USB plugs can vary according to different standards and devices, but in USB, each plug is responsible for connecting to a system management information area (SMB) of the computer, which is usually located on the top of the USB plug.

  • Differential signaling
  • Place vias symmetrically
  • Parallel traces
  • Isolation
  • Power integrity
  • Place and route
  • Pad design
  • Impedance stack design
  • Line width and line spacing design
Kerstin

Author

Kerstin

Hi, I am Kerstin, graduating from one of a well- known university in China and I has a master's degree in physics. I have more than 5 year's experience as a professional engineer in PCB industry and expertise in PCB design, PCB assembly, PCB manufacturing, etc. I am committed to offering services and solutions about PCB/PCBA for various industries for their projects with professional knowledge. During 5 years of engineering career, I have done different circuit designing projects for different companies such as electronics, industry and medical devices, winning a lot of reputation among many customers. Selected as an outstanding employee of IBE every year. I'm always here to provide you with fast, reliable, quality services about PCB/PCBA.

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