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Motherboard chipset definition, function and classification

The motherboard chipset is a combination of a series of integrated circuit chips, which are installed on the computer motherboard and play an important role in coordinating and managing the communication between various hardware devices. This article will introduce the definition, function and common classification methods of motherboard chipsets.

Table of Contents

What is the function of the motherboard chipset

The motherboard chipset has key functions in a computer system, including but not limited to the following:

Hardware support: The motherboard chipset is responsible for supporting and managing various hardware devices in the computer system, such as processors, memory, graphics cards, hard drives, expansion slots, etc. It ensures that these hardware devices work properly and coordinate with each other.

Data transmission management: The motherboard chipset manages the transmission of data between various hardware devices. It controls the flow of data, coordinates data transfer rates, and ensures that data is efficiently passed between different hardware devices.

Bus control: The motherboard chipset controls and manages the buses in the computer system. A bus is a path for data transfer, including front-side buses (such as front-side buses, back-end buses), memory buses, graphics buses, and so on. The motherboard chipset ensures the stability and efficiency of the bus.

Interface provision: The motherboard chipset provides various interfaces for the computer, such as USB, SATA, PCI, etc. These interfaces allow users to connect external devices such as mice, keyboards, printers, hard disks, etc., and interact with the computer.

Power management: The motherboard chipset has function of power management, which monitors and controls voltage, power consumption and other parameters to ensure the stable operation of the computer system, while achieving the purpose of energy saving and environmental protection.

In summary, the motherboard chipset plays a key role in the computer system, which is responsible for coordinating and managing the communication and data transmission between various hardware devices to ensure the normal operation and stability of the computer system. At the same time, the motherboard chipset also provides interfaces, supports hardware devices, and manages power supply to provide users with a good user experience.

What are the different types of motherboard chipset

What are the different types of motherboard chipset
What are the different types of motherboard chipset?

Motherboard chipsets can be classified according to different criteria, and here are a few common ways to classify them:

Classified according to function

According to different functions, motherboard chipsets can be divided into Northbridge chipsets and Southbridge chipsets.

Northbridge chipset: The Northbridge chipset is located closest to the processor on the motherboard and is responsible for managing high-speed components such as processors, memory, and graphics cards. It controls the communication and data transmission of these high-speed components.

Southbridge chipset: The Southbridge chipset is located relatively far away on the motherboard and is responsible for managing low-speed components such as hard disks, USB ports, audio devices, etc. It provides features that provide support and management of these low-speed components.

Classified by manufacturer

According to different manufacturers, motherboard chipsets can be divided into Intel chipsets, AMD chipsets, etc.

Intel chipsets: Intel is one of the leading manufacturers of motherboard chipsets, which are widely used in computer systems in the market.

AMD chipsets: AMD also manufactures and supplies its own motherboard chipsets to support and be compatible with its own processors and other hardware devices.

Classified according to performance and characteristics

Depending on the performance and characteristics of the chipset, the motherboard chipset can be divided into different classes or families. For example, some chipsets may offer higher data transfer rates, more expansion slots, support for more RAM capacity, and so on to meet different user needs.

In addition, there are other classification methods, such as classifying motherboard chipsets by motherboard type (desktop, laptop, server, etc.). Regardless of the classification method, the goal of the motherboard chipset is to provide stable and efficient hardware support and provide a good user experience.


To sum up, the motherboard chipset plays a key role in the computer system, responsible for coordinating and managing the communication and data transfer between the various hardware devices. It offers a variety of functions, including hardware support, data transfer management, bus control, interface provision, and power management. Motherboard chipsets can be categorized according to function, manufacturer, performance, and characteristics to meet the needs and application scenarios of different users.

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