IBE enables the world’s best brands. Through our unrivalled customer-centric approach, we partner with leading companies in numerous markets to deliver solutions for their most complex challenges.


IBe Industry Building, ShenZhen, China



Hi, I am Kerstin, graduating from one of a well- known university in China and I has a master's degree in physics. I have more than 5 year's experience as a professional engineer in PCB industry and expertise in PCB design, PCB assembly, PCB manufacturing, etc. I am committed to offering services and solutions about PCB/PCBA for various industries for their projects with professional knowledge. During 5 years of engineering career, I have done different circuit designing projects for different companies such as electronics, industry and medical devices, winning a lot of reputation among many customers. Selected as an outstanding employee of IBE every year. I'm always here to provide you with fast, reliable, quality services about PCB/PCBA.
electronic components and devices
Ceramic Capacitors vs. Electrolytic Capacitors

Ceramic Capacitors vs. Electrolytic Capacitors – A Comprehensive Comparison

In the vast realm of electronic components, capacitors stand as fundamental devices for storing and releasing electrical energy. Among the diverse spectrum of capacitors available, two prominent types—ceramic capacitors vs. electrolytic capacitors —emerge with distinct characteristics, applications, and performance attributes. Delving deeper into their nuances is crucial for discerning engineers, hobbyists, and electronic enthusiasts aiming to optimize circuit designs and performance.

PCB/PCBA knowledge
Automated Optical Inspection (AOI) vs X-ray Inspection vs In-Circuit Testing (ICT)

Automated Optical Inspection (AOI) vs X-ray Inspection vs In-Circuit Testing (ICT)

In the ever-evolving landscape of electronics manufacturing, the pursuit of flawless products is a relentless endeavor. The quality control and assurance mechanisms employed play a pivotal role in ensuring that electronic components and circuitry meet stringent standards. Among the myriad of inspection techniques available, three prominent methodologies—Automated Optical Inspection (AOI), X-ray Inspection, and In-Circuit Testing (ICT)—hold significant sway. This comprehensive comparison aims to delve into the intricacies of AOI, X-ray Inspection, and ICT, exploring their functionalities, strengths, limitations, and the nuanced considerations that drive their usage in the industry.

Electronic manufacturing industry
Direct Bonding Copper – A Comprehensive Guide

Direct Bonding Copper – A Comprehensive Guide

Direct Bonding Copper (DBC)is a new type of high-performance heat dissipation material. It is a heat dissipation material that organically combines a copper layer with a ceramic substrate. The copper layer can effectively spread and disperse heat, while the ceramic substrate has good insulation performance and high temperature stability. DBC has the characteristics of good thermal conductivity, high mechanical strength, good impact resistance, and high temperature resistance. It is widely used in electronic packaging, LED lighting, automotive electronics and other industries.

PCB/PCBA knowledge
10 PCB Performance Indicators – All You Need to Know

10 PCB performance indicators – all you need to know

There are some key performance indicators about PCB, including:
Physical properties: peel strength/coefficient of thermal expansion/peel strength
Chemical properties: Tg/Td/Z-CTE
Electrical properties: Dielectric constant/dielectric loss/flame retardancy
Environmental performance: water absorption/CAF resistance/CTI
10 PCB performance indicators are listed in detail below for you to test a PCB(Printed Circuit Board).