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5G vs 6G – what is the difference

Wireless technology is constantly evolving, and the introduction of 5G vs 6G networks has revolutionized the way we communicate. From faster speeds to lower latency, the two technologies have opened up a new realm of possibility for consumers and businesses, but what exactly is the difference between 5G vs 6G? In this article, we compare 5G vs 6G networks to help you understand the differences between the two.

Table of Contents

What is 5G?

5G is the fifth generation of cellular network technology after 4G LTE. It was first launched in 2019, with Verizon being the first to begin commercial deployments in April of that year. Unlike 3G and 4G that came before it, 5G is not just an incremental technological advancement, but a true leapfrog technology.

5G
5G

One of the biggest differences between 5G and its predecessors is speed. 5G offers theoretical speeds of up to 10 gigabits per second, more than 30 times faster than 4G LTE-Advanced’s theoretical maximum speed of 300Mbps. The technology also uses higher frequency bands than previous generations and can be deployed in low-band, mid-band or high-band mmWave from 24 GHz to 66 GHz. This aspect allows for faster data transfer speeds and greater bandwidth capacity.

5G application scenarios

5G technology opens up a new world of possibilities, enabling applications such as self-driving cars, the Internet of Things, and smart cities. Additionally, it is used to provide healthcare remotely and greatly improve the gaming experience.

What is 6G?

6G is the sixth generation of cellular network technology that will succeed 5G. It’s expected to hit the market in 2030 and promises to be faster than its predecessor. There have been reports of 206.25 gigabits per second achieved in a Chinese laboratory environment.

6G
6G

The new technology will use higher frequency bands than 5G, operating in the 30 to 300 GHz mmWave to 300 to 3000 GHz radiation range. In addition, it will provide wider coverage and higher reliability due to its wider use of spectrum.

6G application scenarios

6G is a revolutionary technology that can enable a whole new world – a smart society with an emphasis on automation. It will deliver unprecedented speed and low latency, enabling people and businesses to use it for innovative use cases such as smart homes, autonomous transportation systems and healthcare solutions.

6G will enable smart homes and automated transportation, which in turn will improve living standards and environmental monitoring. With features like holographic telepresence AR/VR, artificial intelligence and mobile edge computing, it will also take virtual healthcare to a whole new level.

6G technology will offer huge growth potential for self-driving cars and drones, as well as automated manufacturing.

5G vs 6G – what is the difference?

5G vs 6G
5G vs 6G

5G and 6G refer to different mobile communication technology standards, the main differences are as follows:

Frequency band: The frequency band used by 5G is up to 100 GHz, while 6G will use a higher frequency band, which will exceed 100 GHz and reach more than 300 GHz.

Bandwidth: 6G will have wider bandwidth. Compared with 5G’s 1-millisecond delay, 6G’s delay will be lower, which is expected to be only 1 microsecond, which will make 6G faster and more stable than 5G in many ways.

Network architecture: 6G will use massive multiple-input multiple-output technology (Massive MIMO), which means that there will be more antennas to achieve faster and more stable data transmission.

Application scenarios: 6G will support more application scenarios, including augmented reality, virtual reality, smart manufacturing, smart cities, smart agriculture, and more.

6G vs 5G ALL EXPLAINED!!

How will 6G work?

6G wireless sensing solutions are expected to selectively use different frequencies to measure absorption and adjust frequencies accordingly. This approach is possible because atoms and molecules emit and absorb electromagnetic radiation at characteristic frequencies, and the emission and absorption frequencies are the same for any given substance.

Do we need 6G?

We need 6G technology. There are many reasons, including:

Technology convergence. The sixth generation of cellular networks will integrate previously disparate technologies such as deep learning and big data analytics. The introduction of 5G paves the way for this convergence.

Edge computing. The need to deploy edge computing to ensure overall throughput and low latency for ultra-reliable, low-latency communication solutions is an important driver of 6G.

Internet of Things (IoT). Another driver is the need to support machine-to-machine communication in IoT.

High-performance computing (HPC). A close relationship has been identified between 6G and HPC. While edge computing resources will handle some IoT and mobile technology data, much of it will require more focused HPC resources to process.

What changes that 6G may bring?

Nano core. So-called nanocores may be general-purpose computing cores that include elements of HPC and AI. A nanocore need not be a physical network element. Instead, it can contain a logical collection of computing resources, shared by many networks and systems.

Peripheral and core coordination. 6G networks will create more data than 5G networks, and computing will evolve to include coordination between edge and core platforms. To cope with these changes, data centers will have to evolve.

Data management. 6G’s capabilities in sensing, imaging and positioning will generate vast amounts of data that must be managed on behalf of network owners, service providers and data owners.

FAQ

5G is the fifth generation of cellular network technology after 4G LTE. Unlike 3G and 4G that came before it, 5G is not just an incremental technological advancement, but a true leapfrog technology.

6G is the sixth generation of cellular network technology that will succeed 5G. It’s expected to hit the market in 2030 and promises to be faster than its predecessor. There have been reports of 206.25 gigabits per second achieved in a Chinese laboratory environment.

5G and 6G refer to different mobile communication technology standards, the main differences are as follows:

  • Frequency band
  • Bandwidth
  • Network architecture
  • Application scenarios
Kerstin

Author

Kerstin

Hi, I am Kerstin, graduating from one of a well- known university in China and I has a master's degree in physics. I have more than 5 year's experience as a professional engineer in PCB industry and expertise in PCB design, PCB assembly, PCB manufacturing, etc. I am committed to offering services and solutions about PCB/PCBA for various industries for their projects with professional knowledge. During 5 years of engineering career, I have done different circuit designing projects for different companies such as electronics, industry and medical devices, winning a lot of reputation among many customers. Selected as an outstanding employee of IBE every year. I'm always here to provide you with fast, reliable, quality services about PCB/PCBA.

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